Dissertation Dino Bortot Family Tree

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Abadie, J. and Abbott, B. P. and Abbott, R. and Abernathy, M. and Accadia, T. and Acernese, F. and Lockerbie, N. A. and Tokmakov, K. V. and Collaboration, LIGO Sci and Collaboration, Virgo (2010) Search for gravitational waves from compact binary coalescence in LIGO and Virgo data from S5 and VSR1.Physical Review D, 82 (10). p. 102001. ISSN 1550-2368

Abadie, J. and Abbott, B. P. and Abbott, R. and Abernathy, M. and Accadia, T. and Acerneseac, F. and Lockerbie, N. A. and Tokmakov, K. V. and Virgo, LIGO Sci Collaboration (2010) Predictions for the rates of compact binary coalescences observable by ground-based gravitational-wave detectors.Classical and Quantum Gravity, 27 (17). p. 173001. ISSN 0264-9381

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Al-Asmari, Ahmed and Anderson, Robert A and Kidd, Susan and Thomson, Alison H (2010) Method for the quantification of diamorphine and its metabolites in pediatric plasma samples by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 34 (4). pp. 177-95.

Al-Dajani, H. and Carter, S.L. (2010) Women empowering women : female entrepreneurs and home-based producers in Jordan. In: Women entrepreneurs and the global environment for growth. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp. 118-136. ISBN 9781847209146

Al-Ghatani, Ali and Obonsawin, Marc and Al-Moutaery, Khalaf (2010) The Arabic version of the Stroop Test and its equivalency to the English version.Pan Arab Journal of Neurosurgery, 14 (1). pp. 112-115. ISSN 1319-6995

Al-Hanafy, Waleed and Hussin, Mohamed Nuri and Weiss, S. (2010) Incremental rate maximisation power loading with BER improvements. In: The 18th European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO-2010), 2010-08-23 - 2010-08-27.

Al-Hanafy, Waleed and Weiss, S. (2010) Greedy power allocation for multicarrier systems with reduced complexity. In: The 27th National Radio Science Conference, NRSC 2010, 2010-03-16 - 2010-03-18.

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Al-Hanafy, Waleed and Weiss, S. (2010) Trade-off between complexity and BER performance of a polynomial SVD-based broadband MIMO transceiver. In: The 27th National Radio Science Conference, NRSC 2010, 2010-03-16 - 2010-03-18.

Al-Kaabi, Mohammed and Demirbag, Mehmet and Tatoglu, Ekrem (2010) Internatonal market entry strategies of emerging MNEs : a case study of Qatar Telecom.Journal of East West Business, 16 (2). pp. 146-170. ISSN 1066-9868

Al-Mutairi, M.S. and Cadalbert, L.C. and McGachy, H.A. and Shweash, M.S. and Schroeder, J. and Kurnik, M. and Sloss, C.M. and Bryant, C.E. and Alexander, James and Plevin, R.J. (2010) MAP kinase phosphatase-2 plays a critical role in response to infection by Leishmania mexicana.PLOS Pathogens, 6 (11). ISSN 1553-7366

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In Blood Stain Evidence Manual, Volume 3, Doje's Press, Ococee, FL. ...... Bloodstain Pattern Analysis Procedures ISO Accredited. .... F.L.D. Examiner Training Program for Bloodstain Pattern Analysts. ...... of Rapid Sperm Transport through the Female Genital Tract: Evidence from Vaginal Sonography of Uterine Peristaisis.

(Image Source: www.pixabay.com)

Blood and Body Fluids Evidence

From an archaeological perspective, numerous resources regarding the retrieval of blood and other types of trace evidence from historic and prehistoric contexts are included in this category. The compiler wishes to reinforce that evidence exposed to the elements, or deposited years prior to discovery may retain significant information capable of impacting the interpretation of a crime scene. Both here and in the sections of DNA Evidence and Stable Isotope Analyses, several citations may be found which should demonstrate for the crime scene investigator that assumptions should never be made that blood and body fluid evidence is completely obliterated from older scenes. Loy and Wood, (1989), is an early example of how blood evidence remained viable over thousands of years. That approximately 9000 year old evidence from Cayonu Tepesi in Turkey was initially realized using one of the most basic presumptive test for blood in most crime scene technicians' tool boxes Hemastix. Again, the section on DNA Evidence contains numerous citations expounding on work such as Loy and Wood. Analyses of prehistoric trace evidence is now common in archaeological and forensic literature. A large part of this section deals with the reconstruction of violent crime scenes based on the shape, size, and position of blood spatter, or blood stain, evidence. Primarily considered at indoor crime scenes, the same type of reconstruction could apply to outdoor scenes but becomes more difficult given the effects of weather, and substrate movement. Works such as those of MacDonnell, (1997); Bevel and Gardner, (2001); and James, Kish, and Sutton, (2003), have served to expose criminal investigators to the stories represented in patterns of what would appear to most of us as bloody Rorshak tests. Those same works and others included in this section should also demonstrate the pitfalls of interpreting blood stain evidence without adequate training, experience, and certification. Probably the the most cross-referenced citations in this section have to do with DNA research; however, the researcher is also directed to sections on Photography, Fingerprint, Ear Print, Lip Print, and Tattoo Evidence, Firearms and Toolmark Evidence, Shoe and Tire Impression Evidence, and General Crime Scene and Death Scene Investigation Topics, for techniques in recording blood pattern evidence and bloody transfers in form of patent and latent prints involving body and clothing segments. This section is divided into the following categories: Blood Stain Identification and Interpretation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other Blood and Body Fluid Topics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Blood stains at the scene of a stabbing homicide

Blood Stain Identification and Interpretation Part science, part art, and mostly dependant on empirical research and extensive experience in crime scene reconstruction and analyses, blood stain pattern analysis has become a standard in the reconstruction of violent scenes. Although the principles of fluid dynamics and trigonometry behind blood spatter analysis are straightforward, the contexts of the resultant stains are what require forensic specialists with years of experience in a variety of scenes. Bloodstain characteristics are for the most part related to traumatic injuries. There are obviously natural and accidental sources of patterns but the crime scene investigator is most drawn to those resulting from violence. For the same reason, those who consult this bibliography might be interested in Section III, Taphonomy, sub-sections referencing Trauma. Those sub-sections on Photography as well as Surveying and Mapping contain references of use toward the proper measurement of crime scenes and their features. Because Blood stains do not occur in chronological or spatial vacuums, knowledge of crime scene dynamics are key. For that the reader is directed to General Crime Scene and Death Scene Investigations. Even the sub-section Entomology is related to Blood Stain Pattern Analysis. Fly excrement and insect tracking through blood is often mistaken for blood spatter upon first glance. (1581 citations) Aalders, Maurice C.G. 2010 Detecting, Recognizing and Aging of Bloodstains by Optical Spectroscopic Techniques. Abstract of a Presentation given at the IABPA Conference, Lisbon, Portugal, International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Newsletter, 26(2):10-11. Aarts, Mijntje 2012 BPA Examination on Clothing in Light of the 'Right' Question. Abstract of a Presentation at the Fourth International IABPA Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland, November 12-14. Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 28(4):13. Acar, Kemalettin 2011 Turkish Forensic System and Recent Situation of BPA in Turkey. Abstract of a Presentation at the Annual IABPA Training Conference, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 27(4):11. 2013

Necessity of BPA in Forensic Medicine Residency Education and Practice. Abstract of a Presentation at the Annual IABPA Training Conference, San Diego, California, Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 29(3-4):17.

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Adair, T.W. 1998 False Wave Cast-Off: Considering the Mechanism of Stain Formation. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis News, 14(1):2. (also cited as 14(3):1-8) 1999a

Recognition of Bloodstain Evidence in Historical Denver, Colorado. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis News, December, 15(3):1-3.

1999b

Considering the Target Surface in Bloodstain Pattern Analysis: An Unusual Case of Blood Pooling. Journal of Forensic Identification, 49(5):485-493.

2005a

Casting Two-Dimensional Bloody Shoe Prints from Concrete, Fabric, and Human Skin: A Review of Several Methods with Recommendations. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis News, March, 21:4-8.

2005b

Casting Two-Dimensional Bloody Shoe Prints from Concrete, Fabric, and Human Skin: A Review of Several Methods with Recommendations. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts News, 21(1):4-8. http://iabpa.org/march%202005%20news.pdf

2006a

Experimental Detection of Blood Under Painted Surfaces. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts News, (March), 22(1):12-19. http://iabpa.org/march%202006%20final.pdf

Adair, T.W., R. Gabel, S. Shimamoto, and R. Tewes 2008 A Comparison of the Luminol and Blue Star Blood Reagents in Detecting Blood in Soil Nearly Four Years After Deposition. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts News, 24(4):5-8. http://iabpa.org/december%202008%20final.pdf Adair, T.W., and A.C. Gallardo 1999 Considering the Target Surface in Bloodstain Pattern Analysis: An Unusual Case of Blood Pooling. Journal of Forensic Identification, 49(5):485-493. Adair, Thomas W., and Rebecca L. Shaw 2005 Enhancement of Bloodstains on Washed Clothing Using Luminol and LCV Reagents. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis News, 21(4):4-10 http://iabpa.org/december%202005%20news.pdf Adair, T.W., S. Shimamoto, R. Tewes, and R. Gabel 2006 A Comparison of the Luminol and Blue Star Blood Reagents in Detecting Blood in Soil One Years After Deposition. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts News, 22(3):4-7. (also cited as "The Use of Luminol to Detect Blood in Soil One Year After Deposition") http://iabpa.org/september%202006%20news.pdf 2007

A Comparison of the Luminol and Blue Star Blood Reagents in Detecting Blood in Soil One Years After Deposition. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts News, 23(1):14-19. (also cited as "Detecting Blood Patterns in Soil with Luminol Two Years after Deposition") http://iabpa.org/march%202007%20final.pdf

Adam, Craig D. 2012 Fundamental Studies of Bloodstain Formation and Characteristics. Forensic Science International, 219(1-3):76-87. 2013

Experimental and Theoretical Studies of the Spreading of Bloodstains on Painted Surfaces. Forensic Science International, 229:66-74.

Adam, J.R., N.R. Lindblad, and C.D. Hendricks 1968 The Collision, Coalescence, and Distribution of Water Droplets. Journal of Applied Physics, 39:5173-5180. Adler, William 1977 Liquid Drop Collisions on Deformable Media. Journal of Materials Science, _(_):1253-1271. Agudelo, J., C. Hynh, and J. Hamlek 2015 Forensic Determination of Bloodstain Age Using a Bioaffinity-based Assay. The Analyst, 140(5):1411-1415. Aikman, Rachel L., and David R. Foran 2008 Nucleic Acid Based Methods for Assessing the Age of Bloodstains. A Presentation before the 60th Anniversary Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, February 18-23, Washington, D.C. Akane, A. 1996 Hydrogen Peroxide Decomposes the Heme Compound in Forensic Specimens and Improves the Efficiency of PCR. Biotechniques, 21(3):392-394.

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Akin, Louis L. 2004 Blood Spatter Interpretation at Crime and Accident Scenes: A Step by Step Guide for Medicolegal Investigators. On Scene Forensics http://www.onsceneforensics.com 2005a

Blood Spatter Interpretation at Crime and Accident Scenes. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 74(2):21-24.

2005b

Interpretation of Blood Spatter for Defense Attorneys and Investigators: Part I. The Champion, May: 26

2005c

A Blood Spatter Primer. Blue Line, 17(9):14-15.

2005d

Blood Spatter Interpretation at Crime Scenes. The Forensic Examiner, Summer:6-10.

2005e

Blood Pattern Analysis at Crime Scenes. http://akininc.com/PDFs/BSA%20Wikipedia.pdf

Akutsu, Tomoko, Kazutoshi Matsumura, Yorika Tanaka, Ken Watanabe, and Koichi Sakurada 2014 Ability of 'OC-Hemocatch S' for the Forensic Identification of Human Blood. Japanese Journal of Forensic Science and Technology, 19(2):103-110. Akutsu, Tomoko, Ken Watanabe, Hisayo Fukushima, Yoshihto Fujinami, and Koichi Sakurada 2011 Development of a Systematic Method for Identifying Saliva, Sweat and Urine by Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay wth Statherin, Dercidin and Tamm-Horsfall Protein Markers. Japanese Journal of Forensic Science and Technology, 16(1):P1-P11 Akutsu, Tomoko, Ken Watanabe, Hisako Motani, Hirotaro Iwase, et al. 2012 Evaluation of Latex Agglutination Tests for Fibrin-Fibrinogen Degradation Products in the Forensic Identification of Menstrual Blood. Legal Medicine, 14(1):51-54. Albanese, John, and Ronald Montes 2011 Latent Evidence Detection Using a Combination of Near Infrared and High Dynamic Range Photography: An Example Using Bloodstains. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 56(6):1601-1603. Albrecht, H.O. 1928 Uber die Chemiluminescenz des Aminophthalaurehydrazids. Z Phys Chem (Leipzig), 136:321-330. Allen, Brian 2008 A Canadian Approach to Bloodstain Pattern Analysis. Abstract of the Scientific Presentations at the Second European IABPA Conference, Zurich, Switzerland, July 2-4, International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Newsletter, September, pp.23-24. Allard, Kristin L., Paul E. Kish, and Brian J. Gerstring 2010 Evaluating the Validity of Angle of Impact/Incidence Determinations Made from Very Small Bloodstains. A Presentation before the 61st Annual Meeting of the Academy of Forensic Sciences, February 16-21, Denver, Colorado. Allen, John W., and Kelly J. Donaldson 2005 Solving a Triple Homicide with No Bodies. A Presentation before the 90th International Association of Identification International Educational Conference, August 7-12, Dallas, Texas. Allen, J., M.E. Newman, M. Riford, and G.H. Archer 1995 Blood and Plant Residues on Hawaiian Stone Tools from Two Archaeological Sites in Upland Kane'ohe, Ko' Olau Poko District, O'ahu Island, Asian Perspectives, 34:283-302. Allen, R.F. 1975 The Role of Surface Tension in Splashing. J Colloid Interface Sci, 51(2):350-351. Allen, Sharon 1992 Separating Fingerprint Fact from Friction. Law Enforcement Technology, January: Allman, D.S., and C.A. Pounds 1991a Diaminobenzidine: A Simple Safe and Sensitive Method for the Enhancement of Blood Marks at the Scene of Crime and in the Laboratory. CRSE Report 733, Central Research and Support Establishment, UK. 1991b

Detection of Fingerprints on Skin. Forensic Science Review, 3:83-89.

1992

The Specificity of Diaminobenzidine for the Detection of Blood, CRSE Report 771, Central Research and Support Establishment, Home Office Forensic Science Service, Aldermaston, UK.

Allery, J.P., N. Telmon, R. Mieusset, A. Blanc, and D. Rouge 2001 Cytological Detection of Spermatozoa: Comparison of Three Staining Methods. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 46(2):349-351. Al Na'imi. Khudooma, Zaina Alhattali, Anwar M. Siddiqi, and Mahmoud B. Al Sharairi

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Theoretical Evaluation of the Use of Bloodstain Pooling Method as a Screening Technique. A Presentation before the 67th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, February 16-21, Orlando, Florida.

Alvarez de Toledo, Valero R. 1935 La Reaccion Colorante do la Sangre con el "Leucoverde de Malaquita" o tetrametildiaminotrifenilmetano. Cronica Med, 39:3933139347 Anderson, John Wesley 1991 Bloodstain Pattern Interpretation – The State of the Art. The Colorado Policeman, November/December: 1992

Sherlockian Theories, Lessons from the Greatest Detective Who Ever Lived. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts News, 8(3):3-14.

1993

Capillarity Distortion Analysis. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 9(4):11-13.

Anderson, Stacey E., Gerald R. Hobbs, and Clifton P. Bishop 2011 Multivariate Analysis for Estimating the Age of a Bloodstain. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 56(1):186-193. 2013

Estimating the Age of Bloodstain. Abstract of a Presentation at the Annual IABPA Training Conference, San Diego, California, Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 29(3-4):16.

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1945

Reconstructing Crime, Blood and Other Bodily Fluids. In FN 19-20 War Department Field Manual: Criminal Investigation, pp.92-93, 202-213.

1987

Bloodstain Pattern Interpretation, Ontario Centre of Forensic Sciences – Biology Section, Identification Canada, April, 10(4):7-10

1991

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1997b

A Battle of Blood Spatter Experts and the Shenanigans of a Texas Prosecutor. Scientific Sleuthing Review, Summer

2001

Reading Blood Patterns. The Forensics Revealed Mini-Series Continues with Tina Orr-Munro Looking at How the Interpretation of Blood Spatters at a Violent Crime Scene is Vital to a Successful Investigation. Police Review, 24:26-28.

2003a

Luminol – Footprints in the Dark. PSDB Fingerprint Development and Imaging Programme Update, 6:3

2003b

Bluestar Forensic Validation Study. Centre Hospitalier Universitaire De Nantes, Nantes, France.

2006

Bluestar Forensic Latent Bloodstain Reagent User's Manual. Bluestar, Monte Carlo, Monaco www.Bluestar-forensic.com

2008a

Aqueous Leuco Crystal Violet Technical Information (LV509). Sirchie 2008 Product Catalog www.sirchie.com

2008b

Bluestar False Positives Study Report. April 2008 http://www.bluestar-forensic.com/pdf/en/false_positives_2008_study.pdf

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Aronson, Christina Kinsey 2011 Development of Bloody Prints on the Adhesive Side of Duct Tape. Journal of Forensic Identification, 61(3):250-259. Arroyo, Amparo, marta Sanchez, Mariona Palahi, Maria Barbal, et al. 2011 Applicability of an On-Site Test for Its Use in Post-Mortem Blood. Legal Medicine, 13(5):240-244. Arthur, Ravishka M. 2013 The Development of an Element-based Method for the Reliable Identification of Bloodstain Pattern. Unpublished Master's Thesis, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Arthur, Ravishka, R.M. Arthur, K.G. de Bruin, and M.C. Taylor 2015 Do We 'See' What We 'Think'? - An Eye Tracking Approach to Bloodstain Pattern Classification. An Abstract of a Presentation before the International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Training Conference, Fort Worth, Texas. Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 31(3):13 Arthur, Ravishka M., Sarah L. Cockerton, Karla G. de Bruin, and Michael C. Taylor 2015 A Novel, Element-based Approach for the Objective Classification of Bloodstain Patterns. Forensic Science International, 257:220-228. Asai, A., M. Shioya, S. Hirasawa, and T. Okazaki 1993 Impact of an Ink Drop on Paper. Journal of Imaging Science Technology, 37(2):205-207. Asicioglu, Faruk 2010 The Development of Blood pattern Analysis Discipline in Turkey – Still in Need of Many Efforts. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts News, 26(2):31-35. http://iabpa.org/june%202010.pdf Attinger, Daniel, Arian Jafari, Craig Moore, Adam Donaldson, and Howard Stone 2013 Fluid Dynamics Aspects of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis: Comparative Review and Research Opportunities. Abstract of a Presentation at the Annual IABPA Training Conference, San Diego, California, Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 29(3-4):14. Attinger, Daniel, Zhenguo Li, Pei-Lun Hsieh, and Shih-Fu Chang 2012 Use of Automated Image Analysis Techniques to Determine Impact Velocities in Bloodstain Pattern Analysis. A Presentation before the 64th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Forensic Sciences, Global Research: The Forensic Science Edge, February 20-25, Atlanta, Georgia. Attinger, Daniel, Craig Moore, Adam Donaldson, Arian Jafari, and Howard A. Stone 2013 Fluid Dynamics Topics in Bloodstain Pattern Analysis: Comparative Review and Research Opportunities. Forensic Science International, 231(1-3):375-396. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2013 Attinger, Daniel, Craig Moore, and Christophe Frankiewicz 2013 Can We Reconstruct the Curved Trajectories of Blood Drops? Abstract of a Presentation at the Annual IABPA Training Conference, San Diego, California, Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 29(3-4):9. Au, Catherine, Hayley Jackson-Smith, Ignacio Quinones, B.J. Jones, and Barbara Daniel 2011 Wet Powder Suspensions as an Additional Technique for the Enhancement of Bloody Marks. Forensic Science International, 204(1):1318. Aycock, Johnny 2005 A Bloody Mess in Texas. Abstract of a Paper Presented at the International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Annual Conference, October 5-7, Santa Barbara, California. International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Newsletter, December, p.24. 2006

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1495

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The Effect an Oscillating Blood Drop Has on the Angle of Impact Calculations. Abstract of the Presentations given at the IABPA Training Conference, Portland, Oregon, October 6-9, International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Newsletter, 25(4):25.

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2006b

Anatomy Related Movement Analysis – A New Tool. Abstract of a Paper Presented at the Proceedings of the First European IABPA Conference, Middelburg, Zeeland, The Neterlands, February 13-15, International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Newsletter, March, p.20.

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Refelctions Upon Arteries and Veins – A Plea for "Spurt Patterns". International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts News, 23(2):4-14.

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Spheron and Laser Imaging – The Use of Visualization and Measuring for Bloodstain Pattern Analysis. Abstract of the Scientific Presentations at the Annual IABPA Training Conference, International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Newsletter, December, p.13.

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The Role of the Shoulder Joint in the Examination of Cast-Off Patterns. Abstract of the Presentations given at the IABPA Training Conference, Portland, Oregon, October 6-9, International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Newsletter, 25(4):17.

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The Latex Lifting Method for the Recovery of Blood, DNA, and Dermal Ridge Evidence in Arson Cases. Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 27(4):3-7.

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Amylase Negative Inclusions in a Bloodstain Pattern as a Sign of Expirated Blood in a Crime Scene Reconstruction. Abstract of a Presentation at the Fourth International IABPA Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland, November 12-14. Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 28(4):10.

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Surface Behaviour in Liquid Latex Lifting - Securing Bloodstains after Arson. An Abstract of a Presentation before the Fifth European International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts, Rome, Italy. Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 31(1):30

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Bloodstains and Patterns – 40 Hour Basic Course Requirements. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts News, 7(3):37.

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Latent Fingerprint Investigation: Staining of Traces in Blood http://www.bvda.com/EN/sect1/en_1_11a.html Product Information: How to Use Hungarian Red. http://www.bvda.com/EN/prdctinf/en_hu_red.html

Calabrese, Deanna, Carrie A. Thomas, and Michael S. Adamowicz 2013 Evolving Strategies to Mitigate the PCR Inhibitory Compounds Found in Carpet Backing. A Poster Presentation before the 65th Anniversary Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, February 18-23, 2013, Washington, D.C. Caldwell, J.P. 2000 ABTS: A Safe Alternative to DAB for the Enhancement of Blood Fingerprints. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 45(4):785. Caldwell, J.P., W. Henderson, N.D. Kim 2000 ABTS: A Safe Alternative to DAB for the Enhancement of Blood Fingerprints. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 45(4):785-794. Caldwell, J.P., and N.D. Kim 2002 Extension of the Color Suite Available for Chemical Enhancement of Fingerprints in Blood. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 47(2):332340. Calhoun, Deborah A. 2003 Commonwealth v. Zachary Witman. Abstract of a Paper Presented at the International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Annual Conference, October 9-11, Odessa, Texas. International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Newsletter, March, p.9.

1503

Camana, Francesco 2013 Determining the Area of Convergence in Bloodstain Pattern Analysis: A Probabilistic Approach. Forensic Science International, 231(1):131-136. 2015

Implementing Probabilistic Approaches and Bloodstain Pattern Simulation with AnTRaGoS and BPS. An Abstract of a Presentation before the Fifth European International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts, Rome, Italy. Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 31(1):41

Canan, Husniye Dag, Ayşe Serin, Behnan and Alper, Çukurova 2003 ABO Blood Typing from Old Bloodstains Stored at Different Conditions. Proceedings of the 3rd European Academy of Forensic Science Meeting, September 22-27, 2003, Istanbul, Turkey. Forensic Science International, 136(Suppl. 1):229. Cannaneo, C., K. Gelsthorpe, P. Phillips, and R.J. Sokol 1992 Detection of Human Proteins Using ELISA and Monoclonal Antibodies: Towards the Reliable Species Identification of Blood Stains on Buried Material. Forensic Science International, 57:139-146. Carbonneau, René 2005 Les Traces de Sang. Securité, 9(2):13-14. Caron, Brandi 2012 "I Have Information About My Dead Wife..." A Look at Clothing Examinations and Experimentation. Abstract of a Presentation at the Annual IABPA Training Conference, Tucson, Arizona, Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 28(3):17. Carracedo, A., L. Concheiro, J. Estefania, and C. Suarez 1986 Isoelectric Focusing of Pi Subtypes in Bloodstains. Journal of the Forensic Science Society, 26(6):425-431. Carter, A.L. 1990 Ballistic Trajectories of Blood: Computer Applications and Workshop. A Presentation before the International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts Annual Conference, Reno, Nevada. 1995a

Bloodstain Pattern Analysis with a Video Camera and a PC Computer. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts News, 11(2):15-16.

1998

Bloodstain Pattern Analysis with a Computer. S.H. James, editor, In Scientific and Legal Applications of Bloodstain Pattern Interpretation, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

2001a

The Directional Analysis of Bloodstain Patterns. Theory and Experimental Validation. Canadian Society of Forensic Sciences Journal, 34(4):173-189.

2001b

Carter's Compendium for Bloodspatter Analysis, Forensic Computing of Ottawa Incorporated, Ottawa, Canada.

2004

Bloodstain Pattern Analysis. http://www.physics.carleton.ca/~carter/index.html

2005a

The Physics of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, Lecture Notes. Chapter 11, Forensic Computing of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario

2005b

Directional Analysis of Bloodstain Patterns with a Computer. In S.H. James, P.E. Kish, and T. Sutton, editors, Principles of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis: Theory and Practice, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, pp.241-260.

2005c

Further Validation of the BackTrack™ Computer Program for Bloodstain Pattern Analysis - Precision and Accuracy. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analyst News, 21:15-22.

2006

Directional Analysis of Bloodstain Patterns Theory and Directional Analysis. Journal of Forensic Identification, 56(2):242-256.

Carter, A.L., Rachel Collins, Serge larocque, and Brian Yamashita 2004 The Directional Analysis of a Bloodstain Pattern Located on a Sloped Ceiling. Abstract of a Paper Presented at the International Association of Blood Pattern Annual Conference, October 6-8, Tucson, Arizona. International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Newsletter, December, p.12. Carter, A.L. J. Forsythe-Erman, V. Hawkes, M. Illes, P. Laturnus, G. Lefebvre, C. Stewart, and B. Yamashita 2006 Validation of the BackTrack Suite of Programs for Bloodstain Pattern Analysis. Journal of Forensic Identification, 56(2):242-254. Carter, A.L., M. Illes, K. Maloney, A.B. Yamashita, B. Allen, B. Brown, L. Davidson, G. Ellis, J. Gallant, A. Gradkowski, J. Hignell, S. Jory, P.L. Laturnus, C.C. Moore, R. Pembroke, A. Richard, R. Spenard, and C. Stewart 2005 Further Validation of the BackTrack™ Computer Program for Bloodstain Pattern Analysis - Precision and Accuracy. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts News, 21(3):15-22. http://iabpa.org/september%202005%20news.pdf

1504

Carter, A.L., and Pat Laturnus 1995 A Study of the Use of a Fotoman Digital Camera for Bloodstain Pattern Analysis. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts News, 11(2):17-27. 1999

Bloodstain Pattern Analysis with a Computer. In G. Chakyo and E.D. Gulliver, editors, Forensic Evidence in Canada, Canada Law Book, Aurora, Ontario, pp.443-453.

Carter, Alfred L., and Edward J. Podworny 1989 Computer Modelling of Trajectories of Blood Droplets and Bloodstain Pattern Analysis with a PC Computer, A Presentation before the Second Annual International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts Training Conference, December, Dallas, Texas. 1991

Bloodstain Pattern Analysis with a Scientific Calculator. Canadian Society of Forensic Sciences, 24(1):37-42.

Cartwright, A.J. 1995 Degrees of Violence and Blood Spattering Associated with Manual and Ligature Strangulation: A Retrospective Study. Medicine, Science and the Law, 35(4):294-302. Casamassima, Rosario 2015 The Use of BPA in an Episode of Aggression with Acid: The Case of Lucia Annibali. An Abstract of a Presentation before the Fifth European International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts, Rome, Italy. Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 31(1):32 Casper, J.L. 1856 Vierteljahrsschrift fur Gerichtliche und Offentliche Medicin. Berlin, Germany. Casson, S., and G. Kurland 1965 Viscometry of Human Blood for Shear Rates of 0 – 100,000s-1. Nature, 206:617-618. Castello, A., M. Alvarez, and F. Verdú (also spelled Castellanó) 2002 Accuracy, Reliability, and Safety of Luminol in Bloodstain Investigation. Journal of the Canadian Society of Forensic Science, 35(3):113-121. Castelló, Ana, Francesc Francés, D. Corella, and Fernando Verdá 2009 Active Oxygen Doctors the Evidence. Naturwissenschaften, 96(2):303-307. Castelló, Ana, Francesc Francés, and Fernando Verdá 2009 Bleach Intterference in Forensic Luminol Tests on Porous Surfaces: More about the Drying Time Effect. Talanta, 77(4):1555-1557. 2012

Chemistry in Crime Investigation: Sodium Percarboante Effects on Bloodstains Detection. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 57(2):500-502.

Castelló, A., and F. Verdú 1999 Critical Revision of Presumptive Tests for Bloodstains. Forensic Science Communications, 1 http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/lab/forensic-science-communications/fsc/july1999/ponce.htm Cattaneo, C., O.E. Craig, N.T. James, and R.J. Sokol 1997 Comparison of Three DNA Extraction Methods on Bone and Blood Stains Up to 43 Years Old and Amplification of Three Different Gene Sequences. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 42:1126-1135. Cattaneo, C., K. Gelsthorpe, P. Phillips, and R.J. Sokol 1992 Detection of Blood Proteins in Ancient Human Bone Using ELISA: A Comparative Study of the Survival of IgG and Albumin. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 2(2):103-107. 1997

Blood Residues on Stone Tools: Indoor and Outdoor Experiments. World Archaeology, 25:29-43. (also cited as 1993)

Cayzer, I., and P.H. Whitehead 1973 The Use of Sensitized Latex in the Identification of Human Bloodstains. Journal of the Forensic Science Society, 13(3):179-181. Cecka, J.M., S. Breidenthal, P.I. Terasaki 1987 Direct Blood Group Typing of Forensic Samples Using a Simple Monoclonal Antibody Assay. Forensic Science International, 34(3):205-216. Centre of Forensic Sciences 2008 Section 5: Testing for Blood, Semen and Saliva, Evidence Recovery Manual, Section 5, Centre of Forensic Sciences, Biology Section, Uncontrolled Copy, p.31. Chafe, Fons 2003 Determination of Impact Angle Using the Mathematical Properties of the Ellipse. International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Newsletter, 19(1):5-9. http://iabpa.org/march2003news.pdf

1505

2007

The Tangent Method and Spreadsheets Determining Point or Area of Origin in Bloodstain Pattern Analysis. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts News, 23(3):4-14. http://iabpa.org/september%202007%20news.pdf

Chan-Seong, P., M. Jung-Eun, C. Nam-soo, P. Yun-Shin, and C. Nak-Eun 2011 Study on the Substrate Characteristics and the Property Model Effecting on the Blood Pattern. Korean Journal of Forensic Sciences, 12(1/2):20-25. Chapman, L. 2015 Playing Forensic Monopoly. Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences, January:1-9. Charm, S.E., and G.S. Kurland 1968 Discrepancy in Measuring Blood in Couette, Cone and Plate, and Capillary Tube Viscometers. Journal of Applied Physiology, 25(6):786-789. Charm, S., and G. Kurland 1965 Viscometry of Human Blood for Shear Rates of 0-100,000 sec--1. Nature, 206:617-618. Chatterji, P.K. 1977 A Simplified Mixed Agglutination Technique for ABO Grouping of Dried Bllodstains Using Cellulose Acetate Sheets. Journal of the Forensic Science Society, 17(2-3):143-144. Cheatham, Christopher S., and Nathan W. Flach 2003 A national Survey of Police Exposure to Bloodstain Pattern Analysis. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis News, 19(2):4-12. http://iabpa.org/jun2003news.pdf Cheeseman, Rob 1995 Fluorescein as a Suitable Replacement for Luminol as a Latent Blood Detection System. The Print, 11(2):1-2 www.scafo.org/library/110202.html 1999

Direct Sensitivity Comparison of the Fluorescein and Luminol Bloodstain Enhancement Techniques. Journal of Forensic Identification, 49(3):261-268.

2015

Direct Sensitivity Comparison of the Fluorescein and Luminol Bloodstain Enhancement Techniques. As reprinted from, Journal of Forensic Identification, 49(3):261-268, in Journal of Forensic Identification, 65(4):593-599.

Cheeseman, R., and L.A. DiMeo 1995 Fluorescein as a Fieldworthy Latent Bloodstain Detection System. Journal of Forensic Identification, 45(6):631-646. (also cited as Cheeseman, Rob, and George A. Durgin Jr., 1995, Fluorescein as a Latent Bloodstain Detector. Journal of Forensic Identification, 45(6): 631-646.) Cheeseman, R., and R. Tomboc 2001 Fluorescein Technique Performance Study on Bloody Foot Trails. Journal of Forensic Identification, 51(1):16-27. Cheng, L. 1977 Dynamic Spreading of Drops Impacting onto a Solid Surface. Ind Eng Chem Process Des Dev, 16(2):192-197. Chernishev, A. 2012 Validation of the Amido Black Method for Developing Fingermarks in Blood in the Latent Fingermarks in Blood in the Latent Fingerprint Lab in the Israel Police. Bachelor of Engineering Thesis, Jerusalem College of Engineering, Jerusalem, Israel. Cheyne, M. 2011 Illuminating Latent Blood: Application Methods, Fixatives, Alternatives and New Formulas for Luminol. Masters Thesis, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Chien, S. 1981 Determinants of Blood Viscosity and Red Cell Deformability. Journal of Clinical Laboratory Investigations, 156:7-12. Ching, Bruce, Michael Golay, and Thomas Johnson 1984 Drop Impacts Upon Liquid Surfaces. Science, 226:535-537. Chisum, W. Jerry 1971 A Rapid Method for Grouping Dried Bloodstains. Journal of the Forensic Science Society, 11(3):205-206. 1998

Pitfalls in Bloodstain Pattern Interpretation. The CAC News, 4th Quarter: 14-17. http://www.cacnews.org/pdfs/4thq98.pdf

Cho, Yuen, Faye SPringer, Frederic A. Tulleners, and William D. Ristenpart

1506

2015

Quantitative Bloodstain Analysis: Differentiation of Contact Transfer Patterns Versus Spatter Patterns on Fabric via Microscopic Inspection. Forensic Science International, 249:233-240.

Choi, Yong-Seok, Pat Laturnus, Brian Yamashita,and Jim Killeen 2010 Korea’s Approach to Bloodstain Pattern Analysis Training. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts News, 26(3):3-7. http://iabpa.org/September%202010%20News.pdf Choromański, Kacper 2011 BPA in Poland. Abstract of a Presentation at the Annual IABPA Training Conference, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 27(4):11. 2013

Developing BPA in Poland. Abstract of a Presentation at the Annual IABPA Training Conference, San Diego, California, Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 29(3-4):15.

2015

Free Software that Can Improve BPA Reports: Typical Crime and Lonely Wolf Cases. An Abstract of a Presentation before the International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Training Conference, Fort Worth, Texas. Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 31(3):17

Christman, Daniel V. 1993 The Collection and Preservation of Bloodstain Evidence Found on Sheetrock Surfaces. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts News, 9(1):6-10. 1994

Handwriting on the Wall, Bloodstain Pattern Analyses Can be a Key Signature in Interpreting the Scene of a Crime. Police, 18(11):9091.

1995

A Study to Compare and Contrast Animal and Human Blood Products. A Presentation before the International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts and the Association of Crime Scene Reconstruction Joint Training Conference., October 5, Oklahoma City, OK.

1996

A Study to Compare and Contrast Animal Blood to Human Blood Product. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts News, 12(2):10-25.

2015a

Spatters Matter: How Bloodstain Evidence Influenced the Police at the Scene and the Prosecutor and Jury in the Courtroom. A Presentation before the 67th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, February 16-21, Orlando, Florida.

2015b

Mechanism of Injury and Resulting Bloodstains. An Abstract of a Presentation before the International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Training Conference, Fort Worth, Texas. Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 31(3):11

Cittadini, Francesca, Gianluca Albertacci, and Vincenzo L. Pascali 2008 Unattended Fatal Hemorrhage Caused by Spontaneous Rupture of a Varicose Vein. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 29(1):92. Clanet, C., et al. 2004 Maximal Deformation of an Impacting Drop. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 517:199-208. Clanton, Jackie A. 2009 Concealment and Detection of Bloodstains Beneath Multiple Coats of Paint. A Poster Presentation before the 61st Annual Meeting of the Academy of Forensic Sciences, February 16-21, Denver, Colorado Clark, Brian S., and Grant D. Graham Sr. 2001 Bloodstain Pattern Analysis After a Fire: Effects of Heat and Flame on Reconstruction and Interpretation. A Paper Presented at the American Academy of Forensic Sciences 53rd Annual Meeting, February 19-24, 2001, Seattle, Washington. Clark, D.H. 1992 Saliva Swabbing, Bite Mark Examination Procedures: Victims and Suspects, in D.H. Clark, editor, Practical Forensic Odontology, Wright, London, UK., pp:135-136. Clark, Kimberly 2006 Differentiating High Velocity Blood Spatter Patterns, Expirated Bloodstains, and Insect Activity. International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts News, 22(3):8-20. http://iabpa.org/september%202006%20news.pdf Clements, Wendell W. 1983 Blood Print on Human Skin. Identification News, 33(8): Clift A., and C.M. Lamont 1974 Saliva in Forensic Odontology, Journal of the Forensic Science Society, 14:241-245. Clutter, Susan W., Travis Battiest, and David McGill

1507

2014

Liquid Latex as a Cleanup Step to Visualize Bloody Shoeprint Evidence at Fire Scenes. Journal of Forensic Identification, 64(3):212222.

Cochrane, Joanne 2012 Fly Speck/Fly Spotting Seen on Body of Deceased. Abstract of a Presentation at the Fourth International IABPA Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland, November 12-14. Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 28(4):22. Cockerton, Sarah, and Ravishka Arthur 2013 The Development of an Element-Based Method for the Reliable Identification of Bloodstain Patterns. Abstract of a Presentation at the Annual IABPA Training Conference, San Diego, California, Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 29(3-4):3.

Collins, Rachel 2003 Bloodstain Pattern Analysis Using BackTrack Suite. Bachelor of Science Thesis, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Collins, Rachel, and Brian Yamashita 2003 Bloodstain Pattern Analysis on Angled Surfaces. A Presentation before the 88th International Educational Conference Sponsored by the International Association for Identification, July 9, 2004, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Connolly, Candace, Mike Illes, and Jim Fraser 2012 Effect of Impact Angle Variations on Area of Origin Determinations in Bloodstain Pattern Analysis. Forensic Science International, 223:233-240. Connolly, Jo-Ann C. 2012 The Use of Forensic Messenger RNA (mRNA) Analysis to Determine Stain Age. A Poster Presentation before the 64 th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Forensic Sciences, Global Research: The Forensic Science Edge, February 20-25, Atlanta, Georgia. Connor, Mark 2015 Factors Affecting the Near Infra-Red Photography of Bloodstains. An Abstract of a Presentation before the Australian and New Zealand Forensic Science Society's 22nd International Symposium on the Forensic Sciences, Adelaide, South Australia. Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 31(1):22 Connor, Mark, Lukasz Mendecki, and Stephen Cordiner 2015 Factors Affecting the Near-Infrared Photography of Bloodstains. Journal of Forensic Identification, 65(1):19-33. Cook, Russell 2015 Comparison between Drip Stains and Impact Spatter Stains on Different Fabrics. An Abstract of a Presentation before the Australian and New Zealand Forensic Science Society's 22nd International Symposium on the Forensic Sciences, Adelaide, South Australia. Journal of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 31(1):15 Cortner, G.V. 1986 Crime Scene Reconstruction: A Case of Blood Stain Interpretation Five Years After the Crime Occurred. Tieline, 11(1):50-55. Courtney, Max n.d. Blood Spatter Evidence and Reconstruction of Events. Forensic Consultant Services, Fort Worth, TX http://www.forensic-lab.com/publications/bloodspatter.html Courtney, Max., et al. 1996 Luminol: The Next Generation. Southwestern Association of Forensic Scientists Journal, 18(1):25. Courts, C., B. Madea, and C. Schyma 2012 Persistence of Biological Traces in Gun Barrels - An Approach to an Experimental Model. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 126:391-397. Cox, Milton 1990 Effect of Fabric Washing on the Presumptive Identification of Bloodstains. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 35(6):1335-1341. 1991

A Study of the Sensitivity and Specificity of Four Presumptive Tests for Blood. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 36(5):1503-1511.

Crafton, E.F., and W.Z. Black 2004 Heat Transfer and Evporation Rates of Small Liquid Droplets on Heated Horizontal Surfaces. Int J Heat Mass Transf, 47:1187-1200. Craig, O.E., and M.J. Collins 2002 The Removal of Protein from Mineral Surfaces: Implications for Residue Analysis of Archaeological Materials. Journal of Archaeological Science, 29:1077-1082. Creamer, J.I., T.I. Quickenden, L.B. Crichton, P. Robertson, and R.A. Ruhayel 2005 Attempted Cleaning of Bloodstains and Its Effect on the Forensic Luminol Test. Luminescence, 20:411-413.

1508

Creamer, J.I., T.I. Quickenden, M.V. Apanah, K.A. Kerr, and P. Robertson 2003 A Comprehensive Experimental Study of Industrial, Domestic and Environmental Interferences with the Forensic Luminol Test for Blood. Luminescence, 18(4):193-198. Creighton, J. 1997 Visualization of Latent Impressions After Incidental or Direct Contact with Human Blood. Journal of Forensic Identification, 47(5):534541. Cresap, T.R. 1998 Bloody Bare Footprints – What Size Will They Make? International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts News, 14(2):1-5. Cresap, T.R., et al. 1995 The Effects of Luminol and Coomassie Blue on DNA typing by PCR. A presentation before the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Seattle, Washington. Crosby, W.H., F.W. Furth, and C.E. Thibeault 1956 A Modification of the Benzidine Method for Measurement of Hemoglobin in Plasma and Urine. Blood, 11:380-383. Cullen, Siobhan, Alexandra Otto, and Paul N. Cheetham (also cited as Culen, et al.) 2010 Chemical Enhancment of Bloody Footwear Impressions from Buried Substrates. Journal of Forensic Identification, 60(1):45-86. Culliford, Bryan J. 1964 The Identification of Abnormal Haemoglobins in Bloodstains. Journal of the Forensic Science Society, 4(3):155-157. 1967

The Determination of Phosphoglucomutase (PGM) Types in Bloodstains. Journal of the Forensic Science Society, 7(3):131-133.

1971

The Examination and Typing of Bloodstains in the Crime Laboratory. National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criinal Justice. Washington, D.C.

Culliford, B.J., and B.G.D. Wraxall 1968 Adenylate Kinase (AK) Types in Bloodstains. Journal of the Forensic Science Society, 8(2-3):79-80. Custer, J.F., J. Ilgenfritz, and K.R. Doms 1988 A Cautionary Note on the Use of Chemstrips for Detection of Blood Residues on Prehistoric Stone Tools. Journal of Archaeological Science, 15:343-345. Dalley, Iris 2003 Make My Day. Abstract of a Paper Presented at the International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Annual Conference, October 911, Odessa, Texas. International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Newsletter, March, p.9. 2005

Terror in the Woods: The Deaths of Charles and Shirley Chick. Abstract of a Paper Presented at the International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Annual Conference, October 5-7, Santa Barbara, California. International Association of Blood Pattern Analysts Newsletter, December, p.27.

2006a

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