Presentation on theme: "Guided Reading Industrialization Case Study: Manchester"— Presentation transcript:
1 Guided Reading Industrialization Case Study: Manchester
2 What changes did industrialization bring about for the following groups of people?
Poor city dwellersNo plans, sanitary codes or building regulations to controlled the rampant growth of English cities.The poor lacked adequate housingMany were forced to live in dark, filthy, overcrowded slumsVery unhealthy and unsafe conditions
3 What changes did industrialization bring about for the following groups of people?
Factory WorkersFactory owners wanted to keep their machines running for as many hours a day as possible.Workers were forced to work long hoursStarvation wages,Often dangerous and unhealthy conditionsLater, working conditions and the standards of living improved = laws were passed
4 What changes did industrialization bring about for the following groups of people?
Wealthy merchants, factory owners, shippersGained wealth and status in societyJoined a growing middle class of skilled workers, professionals, business people and well-to-do farmers.
5 What changes did industrialization bring about for the following groups of people?
ChildrenAs young as six began to work in factories with their familiesLong hoursBrutal conditionsChild labor laws later brought some reforms
6 What changes did industrialization bring about for the following groups of people?
Lower middle class of factory overseers and skilled workersEnjoyed a comfortable standard of living
7 What changes did industrialization bring about for the following groups of people?
Large landowners and aristocratsLost some status, respect and power because of the success of factory owners, etcContinued to look down on those who gained wealth in business.
8 What were the long-term consequences of the Industrial Revolution?
The environmentPollutionNatural resources were depleted
9 What were the long-term consequences of the Industrial Revolution?
EducationOpportunities expanded in response to a need for skilled and professional workersNot for factory workers ( i.e. poor, working children)
Presentation on theme: "Chapter 9 Section 2 Industrialization Case Study: Manchester"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 9 Section 2 Industrialization Case Study: Manchester
Objective: Analyze the impact of industrialization on societyVocabulary: Urbanization & Middle Class
2 Setting the StageIndustrialization led to a better quality of life for most peopleRapid industrialization brought plentiful jobs, but it also caused unhealthy working conditions, air & water pollution, & the ills of child laborIt also led to class tensions, especially between the working class & the middle class
3 Industrialization Changes Life
By the 1800s, people could earn higher wages in factories than on farmsPeople wore better clothing, woven on power looms in England’s industrial citiesCities swelled with waves of job seekers
4 Industrial Cities Rise
The number of European cities boasting more than 100,000 inhabitants rose from 22 to 47Urbanization: growth of cities & the migration of people into themFactories developed in clusters because they were built near sources of energyLondon had a population of about one million & was Europe’s largest city
5 Living ConditionsEngland had no development plans, sanitary codes, or building codesEngland lacked adequate housing, education, & police protection for the people who poured in from the countryside to seek jobsWorkers lived in dark, dirty shelters, with whole families crowding in one bedroomAverage life span was 17 for working-class citizens living in the city
6 Working ConditionsFactory owners wanted to keep their machines running as many hours as possibleThe average worker spent 14 hours a day at the job, 6 days a weekFactories were seldom lit or cleanThere was no government program to provide aid in case of injuryWomen & children were employed in the mining industry because they were the cheapest source of labor
7 Class Tensions GrowThe Industrial Revolution created enormous amounts of wealth in the nationMost of this wealth belonged to factory owners, shippers, & merchantsMiddle Class: social class made up of skilled workers, professionals, businesspeople, & wealthy farmers
8 The Middle ClassThe new middle class transformed the social structure of Great BritainThe upper middle class consisted of government employees, doctors, lawyers, & managersThe lower middle class included factory overseers & skilled workers
9 The Working ClassThe working class, saw little improvement in their living & working conditionsSome people tried to destroy the machines they felt were putting them out of workThe Luddites attacked whole factories by destroying laborsaving machineryMobs of workers rioted, mainly because of poor living & working conditions
10 Positive Effects of the Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution created jobs & contributed to the wealth of the nationIt also produced healthier diets, better housing, & cheaper clothingFor the working class, it took longer, but their lives gradually improve
11 Long-Term EffectsLiving & working conditions improved over those workers in the 19th centuryProfits derived from industrialization produced tax revenuesProfits have allowed local, state, & federal governments to invest in urban improvements & raised the standard of living
12 The Mills of Manchester
Manchester’s rapid, unplanned growth made it an unhealthy place for the poor people who lived & worked thereHowever, wealth flowed from its factoriesEventually the working class saw their standard of living improveChildren were beaten to stay awake & used on the most dangerous machine due to their tiny handsFactory Act of 1819, finally put restrictions on working age & hours