Nepal Constitution 2072 Essay

After the promulgation of the new constitution, Nepal has entered into a new era of peace and development.  Although the damage caused by the deadly earthquakes, months-long border blockade and problems in implementing federalism are our challenges, Nepal is trying its best to address them gradually.

However, in the absence of a visionary and unswerving national leader, it has been difficult to restructure the country as per the new constitution by skillfully managing to overcome the challenges placed in our path.  As a result, Nepal has been lagging behind many of our competitors in the field of development.

There is no doubt if the country is led by a dynamic national leader, it could represent the will of the people of Nepal and make their dreams come true.  But, in reality, it is our misfortune not to have such a leader who is fully accountable and sensitive to the people and country and is strongly committed to unity, development and prosperity of the nation.

Actually, all the political leaders and the governments so far are busy with saving their positions.  They failed to run the country as per the expectation of the people.  They are always attracted by their vested interest.

Furthermore, steady erosion of legitimate authority to make collective decisions among the political parties has also lost the credibility of the government.  On the one hand, the present government is unable to arrange basic public services, on the other, widespread chronic
social, administrative and political corruption, nepotism, cronyism, favoritism,  dishonesty, lack of will-power; increasing social, administrative, and  criminal activities; social injustice, stagnant economic growth, supply of unsafe food, mass exodus of youths abroad for jobs; impenetrable and ineffective bureaucracy, unfair exploitation of natural resources and environment; serious electricity, water, gas and fuel crises; high inflation, unscientific education system; different cultural, geographical and social conflicts for identity; frequent violation of human rights, territorial disputes with our neighbors and weak practice of rule of law; inability to manage national disaster effectively; failure to fill up the key political and administrative posts on time; challenges persisting in Nepal-India relations etc. are serious indicators of our government leaders’ weakness and of an effective government in the country.   Neither long-term nor short-term plans are designed scientifically.

It signals that the country is influenced by a few local tycoons and unseen forces and the Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority has to correct the widespread corruption across the country.  No one takes a strong sense of ownership, responsibility and accountability.

Youths are suffering from failed expectations.  Therefore, they are passive against the derailed system to strengthen democracy in order to assure social justice to all. Sometimes we wonder whether Nepal is going to be a failed state.

Most of the people are deprived of basic needs like food, drinking water, health care, education etc. and their living conditions are not yet properly improved.  Simply putting old wine into new bottles does not make our martyrs’ dreams come true.  It seems that the country has been suffering from a failure of multiple organs and has lost the binding point of stability, unity and prosperity.  Indeed, Nepali people are victims of their own mandate.  There is always a mad rush to power.  As a result, our greedy leaders have lost their credibility.  In this milieu, how will the people of Nepal expect their new constitution to be implemented to fulfill their aspirations. They are looking for a government led by an iron-man who can work for communal harmony and social justice, who can give a voice to the millions of poor, voiceless and oppressed living in the marginalized areas.

Our leaders, there is no doubt, need to unite the country.  We don’t know why their words and actions do not match at all.  It is true that, if not reconciled, all the achievements of the people’s movement of 2006 would be lost and our country would find it difficult to keep intact its national integrity.  Happiness is there when what we think, what we say and what we do are in harmony.  It is said that the major issues are not resolved because of the individual leaders’ selfish motives and marionette nature.  But, ultimately they are required to unite together at any cost to implement the new constitution.  In this endeavor, the international community should also help them solve the problems on time without instigating our leaders to twist the issues according to their interests, which may ultimately jeopardize the national unity of Nepal.  Can’t we stand on our own for the sake of our country?  Instead of directly borrowing any plan, idea or system from others, can’t we germinate it in our Nepali climate? Let us hope that a great charismatic, elevated national leader would emerge soon from the public sphere for the implementation of the new constitution by addressing dissatisfaction of other political parties.  Then Nepal will eventually metamorphose into a new Nepal where all will enjoy dignity and equality.


A version of this article appears in print on April 19, 2016 of The Himalayan Times.

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Welcome to new Constitution 2072 for Nepal !!

Nepal is promulgating a new constitution 2072 on 20 September 2015. President Ram Baran Yadav had been officially promulgating the new constitution in the presence of Constituent Assembly members as well as in the presence of national and international diplomatic community.
The Constituent 2072 written by Nepali people and for Nepali people is a dream come true for Nepal. It took almost seven decades for Nepali people to realize this dream- a historic moment indeed.
However, although the country has welcomed this constitution, section of the indigenous  community including Madhesis, Tharus and Janajatis have not fully agreed with the Constituent. A cross section of indigenous peoples are protesting it as it has failed to address their demands of demarcation of provinces, republican set up among others.
There are 33 parties who boycotted the Second Constituent Assembly  Election and are not part of the present Constituent Assembly. 33 parties who now remain out of Constituent Assembly have since the very beginning demanded for an all party roundtable national conference and form a national government by dissolving the present Constituent Assembly. 
In the midst of all this, there has been agitation and few violent protests going on in many parts of the southern (Terai) part of Nepal. The government has imposed  curfew and strict prohibition against public demonstration and movement in some of the areas in southern part of  Nepal.  In the past few weeks, many people, both protesters and security personnel, have sadly lost their lives.
Only 31 parties contested the Second Constituent Assembly Election. These 31 parties currently present in CA is preparing to promulgate the new constitution. However,  even among these 31 parties there is strong conflict and disagreements on several important issues. For instance, some of the parties are for Federal structure and others are against it; some are in favor of secular system while others want the constitution to declare Nepal as a Hindu state. And still many others are not happy with demarcation of the federal states.
I personally feel the Nepal is at a historic moment. I hope there will soon be a national dialogue in the coming days and the political consensus would be reached and constitution will be able to address the pending issues in due time. I am truly optimistic that democracy and republic in Nepal has come at a huge cost of the sacrifices made by Nepali people and it would be our moment of joy and pride to see Nepal declare a constitution as soon as possible and forge along the path of development and prosperity.

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