How to Write a Reflective Essay
Reflective essay by definition is a kind of writing that requires the author to inform the reader about his or her attitude, idea or impression regarding a given topic. Alternatively, writing reflective essays is meant to help its author describe how a certain event, person or experience has impacted him or her; or to describe the process of his or her personal growth during an academic course or some other significant experience (this can be a journey, an important class etc). For example, you may be required to write about a person who has had a significant impact on your life or career – it can be your teacher, your parents or your friend. In this case, you will be writing to describe this person and explain how he or she has affected you and how your personality changed as a result.
Distinctive Features of a Reflective Essay
Reflecting the author’s inner world, relating feelings and emotions pertaining to the described events and experiences are the most important features of a reflective essay. As a matter of fact, the essay has received its name because its main purpose is to reflect the author’s personality. Very often this type of essay is mistakenly understood as informative essay and students merely give an account of events or experiences. A simple enumeration of facts doesn’t make the essay reflective; in order to become one, it has to reflect the author’s inner world in relation to the described events. Let’s take a look at a quick example. Let’s imagine you have visited Tibet last summer. In an informative essay, you would inform your reader how you prepared, how you got there, what means of transport you used etc. In a reflective essay, you would tell your reader how you got interested in going there, what feelings you experienced during your visit and how it affected you as a personality. In the first case you enumerate events one by one; in the second case, you share your thoughts and feelings with your reader. This is what makes a reflective essay different from other essay types.
This type of essay is normally assigned during high school and college years with the purpose of giving students the opportunity to analyze their own experiences and skills. In this case, the object of analysis is students themselves; this essay type allows them to contemplate about things they might have been taking for granted. Another case when this type of essay can be assigned is when there is a need to better understand the personality of the interviewee. Reflective essays are also written while applying for college. The high number of college applicants makes competition incredibly tough; as a result, college admission officers require prospective students to write such essays – only thus can they pick out best candidates. They are looking at a number of things, including maturity, learning skills as well as the ability to analyze and think critically etc. The need to do reflective writing arises in everyday life too; therefore developing this skill is critical.
Reflective Essay Outline
In its basic form, a reflective essay will take the common essay structure:
Introduction: This section should be the shortest; usually only one paragraph that establishes the frame of your personal reflection in a clear and concise manner. This is often achieved using reflective statements, then pointed sentences that describe the key ideas of reflective essay. For example, “the structure instilled in me by my baseball coaches has made me more organized and focused throughout my academic career”, or “I believe my membership on the school debate team has been the single largest contributor to my research skills today.”
Body: The body paragraphs are where you can be more creative with your space and structure. Some reflection papers resemble narratives in which the writer tells their story from the perspective of how their experiences have impacted their personal growth and development. In the body of the essay, it is important to use descriptive language to differentiate between simply a retelling of key events and a rich narrative that exhibits true personal reflection.
Conclusion: In your conclusion, typically another single paragraph, you should avoid simply restating the reflective statements used in the introduction. Instead, remind your reader of the links between your experiences and the impacts these experiences have had on your development in the areas targeted, whether you’re focusing on growth academically, professionally or otherwise.
More about essay structure:
How to Write a Well-Structured Essay
Language and Tone
A reflective essay is supposed to reveal your thoughts, feelings, and emotions. It requires your presence in the text of the paper. The use of personal ‘I’ in this type of paper is ok. You can also use other personal pronouns like ‘we’, ‘you’, ‘they’ etc. This will make your essay more personal. Most other essay types require objectivity and impersonality; however, this is not the case. Referencing is not needed in 9 cases out of 10; however, some reflective essays will require you to back up your claims by making a reference to a reputable source of information. Be prepared to run a background research to back up your claims and read instructions carefully.
Choosing a Topic
Deciding on a topic for your reflection paper can be difficult, and ultimately the topic must be based on what experiences in your life you think will best exhibit your growth in the way you intend to present it in your personal reflection.
With that in mind, here are some ideas to get you started. These topic suggestions are separated into categories from easy, marked by simpler topics that can be developed in a shorter period of time or space, to difficult, which contain more complex themes and must be described in a longer and more drawn out format.
Reflective Essay Topics
Easy reflective essay topics:
1. A happy event from childhood or another time, and how it has affected your life.
2. An early memory, positive or negative that impacted the way you have grown up.
3. An event, like a celebration or holiday that has led to changes in the way you think or behave over time.
4. A new person in your life; what was your first impression and how did meeting them affect the way you have developed as a person?
5. Lessons learned through experiences in school
Medium reflective essay topics:
1. A first job or internship; think about skills you learned and relationships you made and how they have impacted your life.
2. A complex relationship or first love; new emotions and experiences are often the catalysts for personal development and change.
3. Any experience that leads to self-improvement, from a mental, physical or emotional standpoint.
4. A family vacation or other family experience that led to self-discovery or change in your interaction with your family members.
5. The death of a close family member or friend and how it has affected you over time.
Difficult reflective essay topics:
1. The first experience with a group of people different than you, and how gaining understanding led to a personal change.
2. An experience in which you feared for your own safety and how overcoming or surviving the event changed you.
3. A great accomplishment, such as athletic or academic excellence, and the personal steps necessary to accomplish it.
4. A lifelong regret that has affected your actions and attitude since the event.
It is important to remember: while these suggestions are for varying levels of complexity, any topic can be described with more or less depth to fit the requirements of your unique personal reflection.
Reflective Essay Format
Depending on your school, subject, and even essay topic, you might be required to format your writing in accordance with different standards. Most typical referencing styles are MLA and APA. These referencing styles tend to evolve over time, so be sure to consult respective manuals for updates.
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Reflective writing is used to analyze and examine an event, memory, or observation. The writer reflects on the meaning and impact of the occasion.
Defining Reflective Writing
Most writing is creative writing, where you describe something that happened or you make up a story. Reflective writing gives the writer insights and can lead to further learning. It is like rewinding your life to a past event and then thinking about how is affected your life, what you could have done differently to change the outcome, or what came out of the event.
Reflection is a mental process. It is contemplation or a long consideration. Thoughts or opinions that come to you while you are reflecting are called reflections. Unlike a reflection in a mirror, it in as interpretation of what is going on between learning and thinking.
When you are writing about a reflection, there are factors that can affect how you express it. These are:
- Why you are writing
- Whether others will read it
- How you feel about your writing
- Your emotions at the time of writing
- How capable you are at writing reflectively
Process of Reflection
There are three areas of reflection and these are detailed below:
- Technical - This is what worked or did not work and why, problems solving techniques, and theories that were used or tested.
- Group - This is the team dynamics; how everyone worked together and why, how could they have done better, and what worked or did not work and why.
- Individual - What did I learn, how did I learn it, how did I feel and why, and what could I have done better?
Following are some guidelines for reflective writing:
- What are you going to reflect on and why are you reflecting?
- What did you think and feel and what were your reactions?
- What was good and bad?
- What was really going on?
- What are the general and specific conclusions that you have made?
- What could have been done differently and what will be affected by what you have learned?
Examples of Reflection
There is very good example of reflection given in J. K. Rowling’s book Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire that can effectively answer the question, “What is reflective writing?” Following is the excerpt:
Harry stared at the stone basin. The contents had returned to their original, silvery white state, swirling and rippling beneath his gaze.
“What is it?” Harry asked shakily.
“This? It is called a Pensieve,” said Dumbledore. “I sometimes find, and I am sure you know the feeling, that I simply have too many thoughts and memories crammed into my mind.”
“Err,” said Harry who couldn’t truthfully say that he had ever felt anything of the sort.
“At these times” said Dumbledore, indicating the stone basin, “I use the Penseive. One simply siphons the excess thoughts from one’s mind, pours them into a basin, and examines them at one’s leisure. It becomes easier to spot patterns and links, you understand, when they are in this form.’
Harry has just experienced the Pensieve, where people can revisit the past and reflect upon what happened there. Reflection is an integral part of the learning process, and sometimes you are not even aware you are doing it.
Topics and Prompts for Reflective Writing
Here are a list of topics for reflective writing and writing prompts:
- How well did you write an assignment?
- What is the quality of your relationship with someone?
- What are some experiences you gained in your job?
- How you want to behave differently?
- What is your process for problem solving?
- How well did you do in school last year?
Here are writing prompts to get you started on reflective writing:
- If you were an animal, what kind of animal would you be?
- Describe your room and what you feel about it and your possessions.
- I am comfortable when…
- I feel angry when…
- I feel frustrated when…
- The most interesting story my family ever told was...
- What do you want to do before you turn 30? (or any age or date)
- What are some things you are grateful for and why?